Successes And Failures Of The Good Friday Agreement

There is a real desire for it to work and, although it has only been a change of attitude since 9/11, people are strongly opposed to terrorism and violence. There is no real alternative. People don`t want to go back to what it was before the GFA. People have lost their family and friends and they voted for, they will support it, as will the GOVERNMENT of the United Kingdom and Ireland. The Irish government issued a statement of support which, first: “We, the participants in the multi-party negotiations, believe that the agreement we negotiated is a historic opportunity to make a fresh start.” I think the problems will end one day. The first major steps towards peace were made and if the gradual dismantling continued, British troops would slowly withdraw. There will probably always be a problem about the legitimacy of the state, but I am optimistic that violence will become a part of N.I.`s history over time, and through education and conversation, they will be able to find a solution. George Austin … read more. The agreement was approved by voters across the island of Ireland in two referendums on 22 May 1998. In Northern Ireland, in the 1998 referendum on the Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland, voters were asked if they supported the multi-party agreement.

In the Republic of Ireland, voters were asked whether they would allow the state to sign the agreement and authorize the necessary constitutional changes (nineteen constitutional amendments from Ireland) to facilitate it. The citizens of both countries had to approve the agreement to implement it. The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments as well as eight northern Ireland political parties or groups. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had led unionism in Ulster since the early 20th century, and two small parties linked to loyalist paramilitaries, the Progressive Unionist Party (linked to the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA). Two of them have been widely described as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican party affiliated with the Provisional Republican Army. [4] [5] Apart from these rival traditions, there were two other assemblies, the Inter-Community Alliance Party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour coalition. U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by U.S. President Bill Clinton to chair the talks between parties and groups.

[6] The Good Friday Agreement, concluded in 1998, provided a framework for a political solution in Northern Ireland concerning the division of power between unionists and nationalists. It was signed by the British and Irish governments, as well as by four of Northern Ireland`s main political parties: Sinn Fein, the Ulster Unionist Party, the Social Democratic and Labour Party and the Alliance Party. Of the major parties, only the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) abstained. Although the agreement confirms that Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom, it provides that Ireland can be united if it is supported by majorities in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The most controversial issue was the Northern Irish border with the Republic of Ireland. The border, heavily militarized during the conflict, has since become essentially invisible, with people and goods crossing freely. This was largely possible because Ireland and the United Kingdom were part of the EU single market, a common set of rules that allow the free movement of goods, services, people and money within the bloc. The agreement consists of two related documents, both agreed on Good Friday, 10 April 1998 in Belfast: the agreement is both a peace agreement and a draft of broad political arrangements to come.