Lancaster House Agreement Land Reform

Zimbabwe was once so rich in agricultural products that it was called the “bread basket” of southern Africa, as it struggles to feed its own people. [70] About 45% of the population is now considered undernourished. Export crops such as tobacco, coffee and tea have been most affected by land reform. Annual maize production, the main daily food quantity for Zimbabweans, was reduced by 31% between 2002 and 2012, while annual cereal production increased by 163% over the same period. [43] With more than one million hectares of mainly exporting crops to mainly maize, maize production in 2017, under Mnangagwa`s Agriculture of Command programme, finally reached its volume before 2001. [71] The post-war debate in Zimbabwean circles focused on socialism and egalitarianism. The activist and the new Simbabwé of the African National Union – Patriotic Front, born of their membership in the ZAPU, have committed themselves to the construction of a new socialist society. They saw the country as the main symbol of their struggle (Sachikonye 2003). Nowhere else in Africa have indigenous people been so deprived of this important resource (Sachikonye 2003). The idea of the liberation of the earth has become a cliché in the new black ruling class, and the obsession with this symbol would soon exceed the ambitions of a true democracy itself.

In 1986, the Zimbabwean government cited financial restraint and persistent drought as the two most important factors influencing the slow progress of land reform. [33] However, it was also clear that the Ministry of Lands, Resettlement and Rehabilitation itself lacked initiative and qualified personnel for the planning and implementation of collective displacement. [33] In 1985, Parliament passed the Labour Market Act, which recognized the government`s first right to acquire surplus land for redistribution to the homeless. It authorized the government to claim future contracts to the former TTLs (now simply known as “Community Areas”) and to identify them for relocation purposes, provided the owners were persuaded to sell. [33] On 5 November 1997, Chalker`s successor, Clare Short, described the new Labour government`s approach to land reform in Zimbabwe. It stated that the United Kingdom did not accept that Britain had a special responsibility to bear the cost of buying land in Zimbabwe. Despite Lancaster House`s commitments, Short said his government was only willing to support an agrarian reform program as part of a poverty eradication strategy. She had other questions about how the land would be purchased and compensation, and the transparency of the process. His government`s position was set out in a letter to Zimbabwean Agriculture Minister Kumbirai Kangai:[36] The ZANU-PF government`s land reform policy has contributed to a significant decline in the standard of living of the Zimbabwean people. This document provides a historical context for unequal land distribution in the region. The policy and attitude of the ZANU-PF government, from its arrival in power in the early 1980s to the end of its fast-track reform, are also studied.