On 26 August 1987, Chancellor Kohl announced that the Federal Republic of Germany would dismantle its 72 Pershing-IA missiles and would not replace them with more modern weapons if the United States and the Soviet Union tore up all their FN missiles, as envisaged in the new treaty. This was a unilateral declaration of the FRG and is not part of the FN treaty, which is a bilateral agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union. December 7, 1987 Memo: National Security Decision Directive (NSDD-290) on Arms Control Position for the US-UsSR Summit October 30, 1987 Memorandum For: The President From: George P. Shultz [Secretary of State] Subject: Gorbatschow`s Letter November 24, 1987Memorandum Subject: Gorbatsev`s Gameplan: The Long View [By Robert M. Gates, Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency] (v) the ratio of aggregate of the number of deployed and non-deployed intermediate-range GLBMs of existing types for each Party that are owned by this contracting party must not exceed, as of 1 November 1987, the ratio between these medium-range GLMMs and these medium-range missiles for this contracting party, as defined in the agreement; and 15. The term “basing country” refers to a country other than the United States of America or the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in the territory of which, at any time after November 1, 1987, medium- or short-range missiles of the contracting parties, missile launchers or assistance structures connected to these missiles and launchers were located. Missiles or launchers in transit are not considered “localized.” Washington D.C., August 2, 2019 – The Treaty on Medium-Range Nuclear Forces, negotiated in 1987 by U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, not only eliminated a whole class of nuclear weapons, but was also revived in the revision of arms control, as evidenced by the decommissioned documents on the INF negotiations published today by the National Security Archive. The meeting will take place during the visit of the Council`s External Relations Group, which took place in Moscow from 2 to 6 February.
In addition to the meeting with Marshal Achromeev, the group also met Mikhail Gorbachev and Alexander Yakovlev. Marshal Achromeev talks about the problems of the US-Soviet arms control process, which slowed down considerably after the Reykjavik summit, and criticizes the United States for its post-summit tracing, particularly on the issue of deep cuts in strategic offensive weapons. He expressed doubts about the possibility of progress during the last two years of the Reagan administration in Geneva, but also stressed the Soviet will to move forward, but on the basis of a “package”, i.e. the link between the INF, strategic offensive weapons and ABM systems. Members of the Council on Foreign Relations group expressed their opposition to Reagan`s idea in Reykjavik to eliminate offensive ballistic missiles and eliminate nuclear weapons completely for security reasons, citing Soviet superiority in conventional weapons in Europe (Kissinger and Jones), and also asserted that the US Congress would never have ratified the agreement if the agreement had been concluded. U.S. officials suggest that further progress on the basis of the Soviet “package” approach would be impossible and that, to allow, negotiations on separate issues should be conducted without linking them.